Are you and your partner expecting a child on or before 9/30/23? If so, you, your partner, and your child may be able to participate in a research study to help learn more about how babies pay attention to their environment. Eligible parents must not have a diagnosis of ADHD. Participation involves 1 in-person visit and 2 at-home visits. Compensation is provided.
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a condition in which a person has trouble paying attention and focusing on tasks, seems to act without thinking, and has trouble sitting still. Although studies have shown that ADHD tends to run in families, researchers do not fully understand the causes of the disorder.
The purpose of this study is to help researchers find out if infants born to parents without ADHD have differences in attention compared to infants born to parents with ADHD. Researchers hope their findings lead to better ways to identify and treat children with ADHD in the future.
COULD THIS STUDY BE RIGHT FOR YOU?
· Both biological parents are ages 18 and up
· Both biological parents are willing to participate (separate visits can be scheduled if parents are unable to participate together)
· Biological mother is pregnant with only one child
· Neither parent diagnosed with ADHD
· Neither parent diagnosed with moderate or severe intellectual disability, schizophrenia, autism spectrum disorder
· Neither parent diagnosed with depression in the past year
· Both parents are English-speaking
WHAT PARTICIPANTS CAN EXPECT
Participation involves a 1-hour enrollment visit in Oakland before the birth of the child, two home visits when your child is 1 month old and 8-10 months old, and a follow-up questionnaire when your child is 18 months old. During the first visit, parents will complete interviews. During home visits, parents and babies will be asked to play with toys and watch a video.
IRB: STUDY19070377A- Early Signals of Inattention in Neonates and Infants at Familial Risk for ADHD
MEET THE RESEARCHER
Heather Joseph, DO, is an Assistant Professor at the University of Pittsburgh where she completed her general psychiatry residency and child and adolescent psychiatry fellowship. Her research interest is in the identification of early signals of risk for developing neurodevelopmental disorders, specifically Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Her long-term goal is to aid in the development of early interventions to prevent familial transmission of ADHD.
MEET THE COORDINATOR
Michelle Wilson is a graduate of the University of Pittsburgh and currently works as a research specialist for the Department of Psychiatry’s Youth and Family Research Program. Her research interests include familial transmission of psychiatric disorders.